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What you need to know about the P11D form

What is a P11D?

A P11D form is a document filed annually by employers in the UK to report taxable benefits and expenses provided to employees. The purpose of the P11D form is to provide HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) with details of specific benefits in kind that employees have received that are not included on their payroll but are subject to PAYE (Pay As You Earn) and National Insurance Contributions (NIC) deductions throughout the tax year end. This form is an important part of the year end process for employers and is used to declare the amount of Class 1A NICs the employer must pay on benefits and expenses provided for the year.

The P11D form captures various types of taxable expenses and benefits that employers provide to their employees. These may include items such as company cars and fuel, private medical insurance, accommodation, loans, vouchers, and credit cards. The form requires employers to provide detailed information about these benefits, including their cash equivalent value and the amount of tax paid on them.

P11D deadline for the 2023-24 tax year

The deadline for filing the P11D form for the 2023-24 tax year is 6 July. It is important for employers to adhere to this deadline to avoid any penalties or fines imposed by HMRC. Late submission of the P11D form can result in financial penalties, which can vary depending on the number of employees and the length of the delay. It is advisable for employers to ensure they have an efficient filing process and are able to compile the necessary information quickly to meet the P11D reporting deadline.

In addition to filing the P11D form, employers are also required to complete and submit the P11D(b) form. This form calculates the employer Class 1A National Insurance Contributions (NIC) payable on certain benefits provided to employees. The deadline for paying the Class 1A NIC on benefits in kind is 22 July.

The importance of P11D for employees

The P11D form is an important document for employees who have been receiving benefits in addition to their salary from their employer. Your employer is obligated to provide you with a P11D (should you require one) shortly after the conclusion of each tax year. By receiving a P11D form from their employer, all employees can review their tax deductions, claim any tax relief they may be entitled to, and ensure that their tax affairs are in order.

Do I receive benefits in kind?

To determine if you receive benefits in kind, you need to look at the type of benefits provided by your employer. Benefits in kind are non-cash benefits or perks that you receive as part of your employment. These may include benefit such as company cars, private medical insurance, accommodation, loans, vouchers, credit cards and much more.

If you receive any of these benefits, it is likely that you have taxable benefits in kind. These benefits are subject to income tax and National Insurance Contributions (NIC). The cash equivalent value of these benefits will be reported on the P11D form by your employer and deductions taken out automatically through the PAYE system.

Employer's guide to filing P11D

As an employer, filing the P11D form is an important part of your tax obligations. It is essential to understand the process and requirements to ensure you remain compliant with HMRC and are not subjected to late charges . The P11D form provides HMRC with details of all taxable benefits and expenses provided to employees that are not included as part of their regular pay.

To file the P11D form, you will need information about the benefits and expenses provided to your employees throughout the tax year including details such as the cash equivalent value of each benefit, any tax paid on the benefits, and the number of employees receiving each benefit. Keeping records of all benefits given to employees in real time throughout the year can greatly simplify this process for you.

Who needs to file and when?

Employers need to file the P11D form for each employee who has received taxable benefits and expenses during the tax year. This includes directors as well as other employees, so if you are a contractor operating through a limited company then you will still have to complete a P11D for any benefits that you have incurred over the year such as the company paying for the filing of your personal self assessment tax return or use of a company car.

Penalties for late submission

Late submission of the P11D form can result in penalties and fines imposed by HMRC. The amount of the penalty depends on the number of employees and the length of the delay so filing your P11D forms quickly and accurately is essential. If you realise you have made a mistake on a P11D form you can amend your submission and pay the difference owed to HMRC through their online service.

Professional Help for P11D and payrolls

Managing P11D reporting and payrolls can be complex and time-consuming for employers. To ensure accuracy and compliance, many employers choose to leverage professional help. By working with experts like Sherwin Currid, you can streamline your P11D reporting and payroll processes and ensure the correct amount of tax is paid on employee benefits and expenses.

Professional help can include assistance with gathering and calculating the cash equivalent value of benefits, filing the P11D form on time, and managing payroll efficiently throughout. By outsourcing these tasks to professionals, you can focus on your core business activities and have peace of mind knowing that your P11D reporting and payrolls are being handled accurately and in compliance with HMRC requirements.


When is the P11D deadline?

The deadline for submitting P11D forms to HMRC is the 6th July after the end of the tax year in question.

What happens if I miss the P11D deadline?

Missing the P11D deadline can result in penalties imposed by HMRC. The penalties vary depending on the number of employees and the length of the delay. It is important to meet the deadline to avoid these penalties and maintain compliance with HMRC requirements.

Can I correct errors on a submitted P11D?

If you discover errors on a submitted P11D form, you can correct them by submitting an amended P11D form. However, it is important to rectify any errors as soon as possible to avoid any potential penalties or non-compliance issues. It is advisable to consult with a tax professional or contact HMRC for guidance on correcting errors in a submitted P11D form.

Are all employees required to receive a P11D?

Not all employees are required to receive a P11D form. It is only necessary for employees who receive taxable benefits that have not already been included in the payroll. These benefits need to be reported on the P11D form for tax and National Insurance Contributions (NIC) purposes.